On April 14, 2022, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) updated its post-arrival recommendations.
Almost everyone (unless specifically exempted) who is at least 2 years old must have a negative COVID-19 test (tests include an antigen test or a nucleic acid amplification test) to board an airplane for the United States. Travelers fall into two broad categories: 1) U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals, U.S. lawful permanent residents, and immigrants, and 2) non-U.S. citizen and non-U.S. immigrant entering on temporary visas.
After Arrival in United States
After arrival, CDC recommends all travelers, including U.S. citizens, legal permanent residents, nonimmigrant foreign nationals, and any individuals who are fully vaccinated but are not up to date on vaccinations (i.e., not boosted) should:
- Get a COVID-19 viral test 3-5 days after travel.
- Self-monitor and quarantine, then isolate if the COVID-19 test is positive or if symptoms develop.
- If the traveler recovered from a documented COVID-19 infection within the past 90 days (regardless of vaccination status), then COVID-19 viral testing or self-quarantine is not required unless symptoms develop.
Those in group 1 (U.S. citizens, U.S. nationals, U.S. lawful permanent residents, and immigrants) need not show proof of being fully vaccinated against COVID-19 before traveling to the United States by air, but those in group 2 (non-U.S. citizen and non-U.S. immigrant entering on temporary visas) do. However, the following members in group 2 can be excepted from the fully vaccinated requirement:
- Children under 18 years of age
- Individuals with documented medical contraindications for vaccination
- Participants in certain COVID-19 vaccine trials
- Documented humanitarian or emergency exceptions
- Individuals with valid nonimmigrant visas (other than B visas) who are citizens of countries with limited COVID-19 vaccine availability
- Member of the U.S. Armed Forces and their spouses and children under 18
- Crew members with C or D visas
- Individuals whose entry into the United States is in the national interest
Non-citizens who have been excepted from the fully vaccinated requirement may have to attest to some or all the following upon arrival:
- Take a viral test 3-5 days after arrival, unless within 90 days of recovering from COVID-19.
- Stay home or in a hotel room and self-quarantine for 5 days even if the viral test is negative, unless within 90 days of recovering from COVID-19.
- Isolate if the viral test is positive or if symptoms develop during the 5 days.
- If planning to remain in the United State for at least 60 days, the individual must become fully vaccinated within 60 days of arrival unless vaccination is not medically appropriate.
To receive an exception, an individual must provide an attestation to show their eligibility for such an exception.
Jackson Lewis attorneys are available to assist you with any questions regarding travel eligibility.